I’m so excited to introduce Nancy Smyth from The Yarny Bookkeeper. If you’ve ever thought about selling your handmade creations, you’ll want to read her guest post to find out how to figure out if you have a hobby or a business (and more importantly, how to make that distinction clear to the IRS!).
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About Nancy Smyth
Nancy Smyth is a yarn addict, a small business owner for 30+ years, a professional bookkeeper with an Associates Degree in Accounting, and a yarnpreneur with her own handmade business. Her goal as The Yarny Bookkeeper is to take her own experience and turn it into a resource for fellow handmade business owners, so that amazingly creative people like you can handle their bookkeeping with confidence!
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Is Selling Your Handmade Items a Hobby or a Business?
Guest Post by The Yarny Bookkeeper
Quite often handmade businesses are lovingly nurtured on the side (for years) while we continue to work for someone else and get a steady paycheck. But be aware there IS a point when your “hobby” does become a business – at least as far as the IRS is concerned.
Just because you are currently selling handmade items doesn’t automatically mean you have a business. In reality, it all boils down to one simple thing (from the view of the IRS) — your intention to make a profit from selling your handmade items!
Knitting, crocheting, dying yarn, spinning yarn, quilting, sewing, making jewelry, designing knit or crochet patterns, glass blowing, catering, cupcake baking (and the list goes on and on) are all considered to be a “hobby” by the IRS and isn’t profitable, and with good reason – the IRS doesn’t consider a hobby to be profitable because:
- It’s something you do to relax
- You make things that YOU like
- You give most of your finished items as gifts or perhaps donate them to charity
- You only have an occasional sale
- Perhaps you sell your finished items for the cost of materials PLUS a couple of bucks for yourself
Now, even though the IRS doesn’t consider a hobby to be profitable, you are still EXPECTED to report any money that you do make from that occasional sale on your personal tax return (Form 1040) at the end of the year.
On the flip side you can also deduct hobby expenses – BUT only up to the amount that you claim in sales AND you must itemize your deductions on your tax return. As a quick example:
Let’s say you sold $1,000.00 worth of handcrafted items and spent $1,500.00 in materials, supplies and fees. As a hobby – you can ONLY deduct $1,000.00 (because that’s the amount you can claim in sales) and you must itemize your deductions using Schedule A when you file your tax return.
HINT: Talk to your CPA or tax preparer for more information.
BUT, as soon as you open an Etsy, Facebook, Ravelry, etc. shop and expect others to pay a fair market value for your finished objects, the IRS then considers you to be a handmade business – because you then intend to make a profit on the items you sell.
And that’s when EVERYTHING changes, and you need to step up your game.
For most of us this will mean that in addition to filing our regular Form 1040 at the end of the year, we’ll be adding another form called a Schedule C – Profit or Loss From Business where we can legally deduct other expenses that are involved with running a business like the cost of patterns that we purchase, the cost of hosting a website, fees charged by PayPal, Etsy, Ravelry, etc., the cost of craft fair booths, business licenses, etc. So if we go back to our quick example – it’s quite likely that you can deduct the entire $1,500.00 that you spent. BUT you have to be really good about tracking income & expenses – and that means bookkeeping!
Again, talk to your CPA or tax preparer for more information.
It doesn’t matter (initially) if your sales are slow. The determining factor from the standpoint of the IRS – you are a business if you are selling your finished object for a price that would:
- cover the cost of the materials you used to make the object
- cover any overhead involved in running the business, and
- have some cash left over (the profit)
- you conduct yourself in a businesslike manner
- that the time and effort you put into the business indicate you intend to make it profitable
- you depend on income from the business for your livelihood
Here is a list (right off the top of my head), based on my own experience of things you need to think about and do BEFORE starting a handmade business:
- Lay your foundation – what are you going to sell
- Find your niche
- Create a business plan
- Figure out what you need for startup money (businesses cost money)
- Learn about pricing to make a profit
- Get everyone on board (especially your family)
- Figure out where you are going to sell
- How will you collect money?
- Business name
- Business website
- Business domain name
- Choose a legal/tax structure
- Get an FEIN/EIN (Federal Employer Identification Number)
- Get Federal, State and/or Local business licenses, permits, Sales Tax accounts
- Will you need business insurance?
- Do you need Trademarks or Copyrights?
- Set up business bank accounts
- Branding – business cards, hang tags, packaging, etc.
- Advertising – social media and an elevator pitch
There is a lot of information on the web about starting a handmade business – some make it sound so simple – make sure you are well informed and while it’s too late to have any impact on your 2017 tax return, it’s a good time to start planning for this year.
Visit The Yarn Bookkeeper for relevant tips on bookkeeping for your handmade business.
4 thoughts on “Is Selling Your Handmade Items a Hobby or Business? by The Yarny Bookkeeper | #Crochet #TipsTuesday”
Hi, Can you recommend a spread sheet/program that may be on-line that’s free, for keeping up with your purchases & sales. I found one, a few years ago, that a professor shared. It’s ok, but there are some things I would tweak. Just want simple, not for a big business. I sew, crochet & sell things. Was starting a little business, but an illness in the family turned it into a Hobby.
If you are tracking as a hobby and are pretty happy with what you have – tweak it to make it suit your purposes. There are no freebies that are going to meet your needs EXACTLY – they all require tweaking in one way or another. Or if you are really handy with Excel or Google Sheets, create your own.
Sorry, I wish I could be of more help, but I haven’t been able to find a freebie that I like.
You can use online accounting software to track your sales and expenses. SlickPie and Wave are two decent free ones that are easy to use and pretty straightforward 🙂
Excel works fine as tracking software. I have two main sheets– inventory, and supplies. I use mainly the inventory sheet– rows for entering new items as I make them, columns to indicate inv. #, item type, title, materials cost, and labor entered; overhead, various commissioned prices, and a retail price calculated by Excel, then a tag price (round the calculated price) and description entered. An Inventory folder holds photos titled with inv. #s. The supply sheet… gets updated whenever I get around to it, and in the meantime, I use receipts/price tags on supplies to fill in the materials costs on the inventory sheet.
Mary: Re: IRS– as long as you conduct yourself in a “business like manner”, you are a business. The last few years, for various reasons, “business” has cost more than I made, but I still fill out Sched C, and get business deductions. I have a state resale certificate, collect/pay sales taxes for items sold personally, take business related classes, and have professional memberships. And I keep receipts/records in case IRS has questions. Next big “to-do” task, is to revamp the website… which is going to mean learning to use all the changed policies and procedures the hosting company has instituted (because it is no longer “user friendly”!).